How did white flight impact Education?
White flight allowed for continuous segregation in schools, since the white population was able to fund their suburban schools. The schools left behind with minorities are neglected, as shown in the political cartoon.
What occurred in Boston when a judge ordered several schools to desegregate by busing students to different areas?
In 1965, the Massachusetts General Court passed the Racial Imbalance Act, outlawing segregation in public schools and defining segregated schools as those with a student body comprised of more than fifty percent of a particular racial group.
What did the judge order the Boston Public Schools to do to desegregate schools?
U.S. District Judge Arthur Garrity ordered the busing of African American students to predominantly white schools and white students to black schools in an effort to integrate Boston’s geographically segregated public schools. In his June 1974 ruling in Morgan v.
Why did they argue about the length of the bus rides for black students?
length of the bus rides for black students? The plaintiffs had two main arguments: (1) the schools were not equal and (2) segregation in and of itself violates the Constitution. They focused on the length of the bus rides for black students because most of the other areas were comparable between the two school systems.
What ended bussing?
In 1979, the Legislature placed on the ballot a constitutional amendment, Proposition 1, that effectively ended forced busing.
How long did Boston busing last?
As a remedy, Garrity used a busing plan developed by the Massachusetts State Board of Education, then oversaw its implementation for the next 13 years.
What was the school busing controversy?
The busing controversy accelerated white flight from Boston, with the schools losing almost 50 percent of their student body after 1975 and white students constituting less than 15 percent of the school population, down from more than 60 percent in 1970.