How is BPH characterized?
Microscopically, BPH is characterized as a hyperplastic process. The hyperplasia results in enlargement of the prostate that may restrict the flow of urine from the bladder, resulting in clinical manifestations of BPH. The prostate enlarges with age in a hormonally dependent manner.
How do you confirm BPH?
- Digital rectal exam. The doctor inserts a finger into the rectum to check your prostate for enlargement.
- Urine test. Analyzing a sample of your urine can help rule out an infection or other conditions that can cause similar symptoms.
- Blood test.
- Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test.
What are the common symptoms seen in BPH?
Frequent or urgent need to urinate. Increased frequency of urination at night (nocturia) Difficulty starting urination. Weak urine stream or a stream that stops and starts.
How do you document prostate size?
For example, one can report the prostate size as “2-3 fingerbreadths wide” when charting in the medical record or communicating with a colleague. Most asymptomatic men have glands of 2 fingerbreadths or less. Anecdotally, each fingerbreadth correlates to approximately 15-20 g of tissue.
What is benign prostatic hyperplasia characterized by quizlet?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is characterized by: Overgrowth of glandular tissue.
Which of the following is an initial symptom of prostatic hypertrophy?
Symptoms and Causes Therefore, you may develop early symptoms of BPH: Slowness or dribbling of your urinary stream. Hesitancy or difficulty starting to urinate. Frequent urination.
How does a urologist diagnose BPH?
Basic Testing. Initial diagnostic testing may include a urinalysis which will determine whether an infection is causing the bothersome symptoms. A digital rectal Exam or DRE will be performed to check the size of the prostate. A urinary cytology, which screens for bladder cancer, may also be performed.
What causes BPH?
BPH is considered a normal condition of aging. Although the exact cause is unknown, changes in male sex hormones that come with aging may be a factor. Any family history of prostate problems or any abnormalities with your testicles may raise your risk for BPH.