Advice

What are the 4 main principles of motivational interviewing?

What are the 4 main principles of motivational interviewing?

Principle 1: Express Empathy.

  • Principle 2: Develop Discrepancy.
  • Principle 3: Roll with Resistance.
  • Principle 4: Support Self-efficacy.
  • How is empathy expressed?

    For us to express empathy, we need to see the person as a human being – someone who is valuable in their own right. Warning: this can be very difficult to overcome. I have an upcoming post on the “Anatomy of Peace” that will help clarify. Understand Feelings – to understand another person’s feelings.

    What is empathy in MI?

    In MI, empathy is defined as “a specifiable and learnable skill for understanding another’s meaning through the use of reflective listening. It requires sharp attention to each new client statement and continual generation of hypotheses as to the underlying meaning” (Miller & Rollnick, 1991, p. 20).

    What should you not do in motivational interviewing?

    Motivational Interviewing: Do’s and Don’ts

    • DO: Roll with resistance—listen to your patient’s problems and fears.
    • DO: Pause before discussing how a patient can make changes.
    • DO: Listen for a patient’s insights and ideas.
    • DO: Collaborate.
    • DON’T: Pressure, fix, or control.
    • DON’T: Use scare tactics.

    How do you start a motivational interview?

    Motivational interviewing: four steps to get started

    1. Ask open-ended questions instead of “yes” or “no” questions.
    2. Offer affirmations.
    3. Practice reflective listening.
    4. Summarize the visit.

    How do you elicit self motivational statements?

    Motivational interviewing requires four key communication skills that support and strengthen the process of eliciting change talk, also known as OARS:

    • Open-ended questions.
    • Affirming.
    • Reflective listening.
    • Summarizing.

    What are traps in motivational interviewing?

    The Labelling Trap happens when a key worker attempts to convince a client that he or she is an alcoholic, addict, or some other label. Labels often carry a certain stigma in the public mind; therefore it is not surprising that people with reasonable self-esteem resist them.

    How do you end a motivational interview?

    Examples of affirming responses:

    1. I appreciate that you are willing to meet with me today.
    2. You are clearly a very resourceful person.
    3. You handled yourself really well in that situation.
    4. That’s a good suggestion.
    5. If I were in your shoes, I don’t know if I could have managed nearly so well.

    What are some open-ended questions for motivational interviewing?

    Questions like this: “So what do you think you want to do?” • “Have I got it right?” • “Did I leave anything out?” • “Is there anything else you think I should know at this point?” • “Did I misunderstand anything?” • “So what else can you tell me about…?

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