# What are the two process solution for solving the critical section problem?

## What are the two process solution for solving the critical section problem?

Three must rules which must enforce by critical section are : 1) Mutual Exclusion 2) Process solution 3)Bound waiting. Mutual Exclusion is a special type of binary semaphore which is used for controlling access to the shared resource.

## What are the two operation of semaphores?

Semaphores are integer variables that are used to solve the critical section problem by using two atomic operations, wait and signal that are used for process synchronization. The wait operation decrements the value of its argument S, if it is positive. If S is negative or zero, then no operation is performed.

What is Peterson algorithm in OS?

Peterson’s algorithm (or Peterson’s solution) is a concurrent programming algorithm for mutual exclusion that allows two or more processes to share a single-use resource without conflict, using only shared memory for communication.

Which algorithm is used for solving the critical section problem for n processes?

Dekker’s algorithm is the first solution of critical section problem. There are many versions of this algorithms, the 5th or final version satisfies the all the conditions below and is the most efficient among all of them.

### What are the solutions for critical section problem?

Solution to the Critical Section Problem

• Mutual Exclusion. Mutual exclusion implies that only one process can be inside the critical section at any time.
• Progress. Progress means that if a process is not using the critical section, then it should not stop any other process from accessing it.
• Bounded Waiting.

### What is critical section and critical section problem?

Informally, a critical section is a code segment that accesses shared variables and has to be executed as an atomic action. The critical section problem refers to the problem of how to ensure that at most one process is executing its critical section at a given time.

What is mutex and semaphore in OS?

A mutex object allows multiple process threads to access a single shared resource but only one at a time. On the other hand, semaphore allows multiple process threads to access the finite instance of the resource until available. In mutex, the lock can be acquired and released by the same process at a time.

What is Peterson’s solution for critical section problem?

Peterson’s solution provides a good algorithmic description of solving the critical-section problem and illustrates some of the complexities involved in designing software that addresses the requirements of mutual exclusion, progress, and bounded waiting. Mutual exclusion is preserved.

## What is a mutex in OS?

In computer programming, a mutex (mutual exclusion object) is a program object that is created so that multiple program thread can take turns sharing the same resource, such as access to a file.

## What is Deckers algorithm?

Dekker’s algorithm is used in process queuing, and allows two different threads to share the same single-use resource without conflict by using shared memory for communication.

How many scheduling algorithms are there?

Six types of process scheduling algorithms are: First Come First Serve (FCFS), 2) Shortest-Job-First (SJF) Scheduling, 3) Shortest Remaining Time, 4) Priority Scheduling, 5) Round Robin Scheduling, 6) Multilevel Queue Scheduling.

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