What is Calyceal diverticulum of kidney?
A calyceal diverticulum is a urine containing outpouching of a calyx into the renal parenchyma, communicating with the pelvicaliceal system via a narrow neck [1,2]. They are uncommon entities, seen in 0.2–0.6% of patients undergoing renal imaging.
How is Calyceal diverticulum treated?
The most significant advance in the management of calyceal diverticula and indeed stones, in general, seems to be the progressive miniaturisation of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) equipment allowing effective treatment with a reduction in associated risks of conventional PCNL.
Is Calyceal diverticulum painful?
Most cysts are small <1 cm; however, larger ones are occasionally detected. Calyceal diverticula are usually asymptomatic; however, they can become problematic at times. These diverticula are known to be associated with flank pain, hematuria, recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), and calculus formation.
What is mild Calyceal dilatation?
Calyces are the cavity or conduit that collects the urine from the kidney pyramids and funnels the urine into the ureter (the tube running from the kidney to the bladder). If this conduit or cavity becomes enlarged and ballooned with urine, possibly because of blockage of urine flow, this leads to calyceal dilatation.
What is the meaning of Calyceal?
relating to, belonging to, or resembling a calyx.
Can diverticulitis cause kidney problems?
Furthermore, diverticulitis is frequently severe in PKD patients, with 50 per cent requiring surgical intervention. These data suggest that diverticular disease may be an extrarenal manifestation of polycystic kidney disease.
Can diverticulitis cause kidney pain?
Fistulas can develop if an infected diverticulum reaches a nearby organ and forms a connection. This most often happens between the large intestine and the bladder. It can lead to a kidney infection.
How do you treat dilated calyces?
With caliectasis, the calyces become dilated and swollen with extra fluid. It’s usually caused by another condition that affects the kidneys, such as a urinary tract infections (UTI)….How is it treated?
- antibiotics for infection.
- surgery to remove tumors or kidney stones.
- nephrostomy tubes or catheters to drain urine.
What is Calyceal fullness?
A:Fullness of the calyces is usually transient and consequent to a full urinary bladder of the fetus. Occasionally, it can be a sign of obstruction of the outflow of the urinary bladder.
What is Calyceal separation?
This just means that there is a little space between the kidney and the urine collecting system of the kidney. This space is usually filled with urine. Many times this is normal, but it can occasionally be seen with partial blockage.
What happens if diverticulitis goes untreated?
If left untreated, diverticulitis may lead to a collection of pus (called an abscess) outside the colon wall or a generalized infection in the lining of the abdominal cavity, a condition referred to as peritonitis.