What is Frankel grading?
The Frankel Grade classification provides an assessment of spinal cord function and is used as a tool in spinal cord injury, as follows: [1, 2, 3, 4] Grade A: Complete neurological injury – No motor or sensory function detected below level of lesion.
What is a grade A spinal cord injury?
A complete spinal cord injury is defined as the absence of all motor and sensory functions, including sacral roots, distal to the site of injury. These injuries are designated as being Grade A on the AIS.
What is the ASIA Impairment Scale?
The American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment scale or AIS describes a person’s functional impairment as a result of a SCI. This scale indicates how much sensation a person feels after light touch and a pin prick at multiple points on the body and tests key motions on both sides of the body.
What is a C5 c6 quadriplegic?
A C5 spinal cord injury is the second most common level of SCI, making up about 15% of all SCIs. Damage to the C5 spinal cord often results in paralysis of both the upper and lower body, otherwise known as quadriplegia.
What is Asia Level B?
Grade B: The impairment is incomplete. Sensory function, but not motor function, is preserved below the neurologic level (the first normal level above the level of injury) and some sensation is preserved in the sacral segments S4 and S5.
How do you read ASIA scores?
ASIA IMPAIRMENT SCALE (AIS) SCORE
- Grade A: The impairment is complete. There is no motor or sensory function left below the level of injury.
- Grade B: The impairment is incomplete.
- Grade C: The impairment is incomplete.
- Grade D: The impairment is incomplete.
- Grade E: The patient’s functions are normal.
What is Asia chart?
The extent of spinal cord injury (SCI) is defined by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale (modified from the Frankel classification), using the following categories: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] A = Complete: No sensory or motor function is preserved in sacral segments S4-S5.
What are the red flags of a spinal injury?
‘Red Flags’ : Spinal Pain The pain is in the upper part of the spine (thoracic spine). You have developed problems in the nervous system, for example numbness, loss of power, disturbed walking (gait) or bowel/ bladder disturbance. You have had cancer in the past or at present. The pain is constant and getting worse.