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What is retina and its function?

What is retina and its function?

The retina converts light that enters into your eye into electrical signals your optic nerve sends to your brain which creates the images you see. It’s a key part of your vision. The retina is the layer at the very back of your eyeball.

What is retina in detail?

retina, layer of nervous tissue that covers the inside of the back two-thirds of the eyeball, in which stimulation by light occurs, initiating the sensation of vision. The retina is actually an extension of the brain, formed embryonically from neural tissue and connected to the brain proper by the optic nerve.

What is the retina made of?

The retina consists of millions of cells packed together in a tightly knit network spread over the surface of the back of the eye. These cells can be divided into a three basic cell types, photoreceptor cells, neuronal cells, and glial cells. Photoreceptor cells consist principally of cones and rods.

Does the retina contain rods and cones?

Distribution of rods and cones in the human retina. Graph illustrates that cones are present at a low density throughout the retina, with a sharp peak in the center of the fovea. Conversely, rods are present at high density throughout most of the retina, (more…)

What cells are found in the retina?

The six different cell types in the retina include:

  • Rods.
  • Cones.
  • Retinal Ganglion cells.
  • Bipolar cells.
  • Horizontal cells.
  • Amacrine cells.

What shape is the retina?

Nearly all the emmetropic retinas were oblate in shape in both transverse axial and sagittal sections, meaning that the retina surfaces steepened away from the posterior retinal vertex in all meridians and had more width and height than length.

What is true retina?

The retina is a thin layer of tissue that lines the back of the eye on the inside. It is located near the optic nerve. The purpose of the retina is to receive light that the lens has focused, convert the light into neural signals, and send these signals on to the brain for visual recognition.

How many rod cells are in the retina?

Despite the fact that perception in typical daytime light levels is dominated by cone-mediated vision, the total number of rods in the human retina (91 million) far exceeds the number of cones (roughly 4.5 million). As a result, the density of rods is much greater than cones throughout most of the retina.

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