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What is the main idea of the Two Treatises of Government?

What is the main idea of the Two Treatises of Government?

The main idea expressed in John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government is that we can use the idea of a state of nature to justify a proper government. If we grant that humans are naturally free and equal, then government must protect the liberty of its subjects equally.

Why did John Locke wrote the Second Treatise of government?

The Treatises were written with this specific aim–to defend the Glorious Revolution. Locke also sought to refute the pro-Absolutist theories of Sir Robert Filmer, which he and his Whig associates felt were getting far too popular.

When did John Locke wrote two treatises of government?

1689
Two Treatises of Government, major statement of the political philosophy of the English philosopher John Locke, published in 1689 but substantially composed some years before then.

How did John Locke criticize Robert Filmer’s government?

The First Treatise is an extended attack on Sir Robert Filmer’s Patriarcha. Locke’s argument proceeds along two lines: first, he undercuts the Scriptural support that Filmer had offered for his thesis, and second he argues that the acceptance of Filmer’s thesis can lead only to slavery (and absurdity).

What is the purpose and main content of the First Treatise of government?

The First Treatise seeks both to refute Filmer’s Patriarcha with its theory of the divine right of patriarchal kingship and to vindicate the Lockean “consent of Men” doctrine with its belief in the inalienable natural rights and freedom of men.

What was the impact and influence of Two Treatises of Government?

Locke’s philosophical view on politics in his work, the Two Treatises Of Government, had a major influence on this movement where he tried to justify the fall of monarchy and a creation of a new form of government for the people.

How did John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government affect America?

Often credited as a founder of modern “liberal” thought, Locke pioneered the ideas of natural law, social contract, religious toleration, and the right to revolution that proved essential to both the American Revolution and the U.S. Constitution that followed.

Why is John Locke’s Second Treatise important to understanding the need for a bill of rights?

The Second Treatise of Government places sovereignty into the hands of the people. Locke’s fundamental argument is that people are equal and invested with natural rights in a state of nature in which they live free from outside rule.

What did John Locke say in Two Treatises of Government?

Locke states in the Two Treatises that the power of the Government is limited to the public good. It is a power “that hath no other end but preservation” and therefore cannot justify killing, enslaving, or plundering the citizens (2.135).

What was the impact and influence of two treatises of government?

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