What is the role of sulfuric acid in the nitration of methyl benzoate with nitric acid?
Nitric and sulfuric acid react to form the nitronium ion electrophile. Nucleophilic π electrons attack the nitronium ion giving methyl 3-nitrobenzoate.
How is methyl benzoate converted to benzene?
(i) Methyl benzoate is the ester of benzene. It can easily be prepared after preparing benzoic acid. So, we can form benzoic acid by Friedel Craft alkylation and then form an ester, we can just oxidize the formed acid to get methyl benzoate. The process is called esterification.
Which of the following acid is reacted with sulfuric acid in the nitration of methyl benzoate experiment?
In this laboratory, you will be nitrating methyl benzoate with nitric acid using sulfuric acid as your catalyst. Methyl benzoate is a methyl ester. As in our previous naming conventions, the “-e” suffix of the alkane is replaced by “-oate”.
What is the purpose of nitration of methyl benzoate experiment?
The purpose of this reaction it’s to perform a nitration reaction on methyl benzoate to create a product of 3-nitro methyl benzoate. Within a nitration reaction it is typical to see electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions occur.
How do you make m-nitrobenzoic acid?
m-Nitrobenzoic acid can be prepared by the nitration of benzoic acid by means of nitric acid,1 a mixture of nitric and sulfuric acids,2 or mixtures of nitrates and sulfuric acid;3 all these methods lead to the production of a mixture containing principally the m-nitrobenzoic acid with a smaller proportion of the ortho …
How will you convert benzoic acid into methyl benzoate?
Answer. The purpose of this experiment is to convert benzoic acid to methyl benzoate via an acid catalyzed reaction with methanol. The reaction will be prepared by Fischer esterification, which involves the reaction reaching equilibrium after refluxing for a few hours.
What is methyl benzoate soluble in?
Methyl benzoate is an organic compound. It is an ester with the chemical formula C6H5CO2CH3. It is a colorless liquid that is poorly soluble in water, but miscible with organic solvents.
What is the limiting reagent in the nitration of methyl benzoate?
Methyl benzoate is the limiting reagent, and 2.20×10-3 mol is the theoretical yield.