What is the survival rate of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma?
The 5-year survival rate for intrahepatic bile duct cancer is 9%. If the cancer is diagnosed at an early stage, the 5-year survival rate is 25%. If the cancer has spread to the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 8%. If the cancer has spread to a distant part of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 2%.
Is intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma curable?
Background/aim: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is the second most common primary liver cancer after hepatocellular carcinoma, and has a poor prognosis. Surgical resection is the only option for a cure of ICC.
How long can you live with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma?
Cholangiocarcinomas arise from the epithelial cells of intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts. They generally have a very poor prognosis. Many studies report a dismal median survival of approximately 6 months.
What stage is intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma?
The earliest stage intrahepatic bile duct cancers are stage 0 (also called carcinoma in situ, or CIS). Stages then range from stages I (1) through IV (4). As a rule, the lower the number, the less the cancer has spread. A higher number, such as stage IV, means cancer has spread more.
What causes intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma?
Cholangiocarcinoma happens when cells in the bile ducts develop changes in their DNA. A cell’s DNA contains the instructions that tell a cell what to do. The changes tell the cells to multiply out of control and form a mass of cells (tumor) that can invade and destroy healthy body tissue.
Is cholangiocarcinoma fast growing?
Cholangiocarcinomas are usually slow-growing tumors that spread locally via the lymphatic system. Treatment and long-term prognosis are dependent upon the location of the mass.
Can cholangiocarcinoma go into remission?
So far, several cases have been reported, in which advanced cholangiocarcinoma was completely treated with gemcitabine chemotherapy in Japan,17-20 although only one of them has shown complete remission histopathologically.