What route did the Cherokee take on the Trail of Tears?
The pink trail is the northern route. It was a land route and the largest group of Cherokees followed this part of the trail. The blue trail is the water route. The red trails show the other routes on the trail.
Did the Treaty of New Echota lead to the Trail of Tears?
Negotiated in 1835 by a minority party of Cherokees, challenged by the majority of the Cherokee people and their elected government, the Treaty of New Echota was used by the United States to justify the forced removal of the Cherokees from their homelands along what became known as the Trail of Tears.
What is the significance of New Echota to the Cherokee?
New Echota is one of the most significant Cherokee Indian sites in the nation and was where the tragic “Trail of Tears” officially began. In 1825, the Cherokee national legislature established a capital called New Echota at the headwaters of the Oostanaula River.
Where did the Indians walk in the Trail of Tears?
Trail of Tears, in U.S. history, the forced relocation during the 1830s of Eastern Woodlands Indians of the Southeast region of the United States (including Cherokee, Creek, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminole, among other nations) to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River.
How long did the Cherokee walk on the Trail of Tears?
It took only 21 days, but the Cherokee who were forcibly relocated were wary of water travel. Removed Cherokees initially settled near Tahlequah, Oklahoma.
Where did the Cherokee end up after the Trail of Tears?
In 1838 and 1839 U.S. troops, prompted by the state of Georgia, expelled the Cherokee Indians from their ancestral homeland in the Southeast and removed them to the Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma.
What was the problem with the Treaty of New Echota?
Before it came to symbolize representation in the U.S. Congress, though, the treaty was better known for catalyzing a genocide. It provided the legal basis for the Cherokee people’s forced removal from their ancestral homeland in the South, their Trail of Tears.
Why did the Cherokee call their forced move the Trail of Tears?
The Cherokee people called this journey the “Trail of Tears,” because of its devastating effects. The migrants faced hunger, disease, and exhaustion on the forced march. Over 4,000 out of 15,000 of the Cherokees died.
What was the outcome of the Treaty of New Echota?
The agreement led to the forced removal of Cherokees from their southeastern homelands to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. The Treaty of New Echota gave the Cherokees $5 million and land in present-day Oklahoma in exchange for their 7 million acres of ancestral land.