What treaty Organization is created on April 4th 1949?
The Washington Treaty – or North Atlantic Treaty – forms the basis of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – or NATO. The Treaty was signed in Washington D.C. on 4 April 1949 by 12 founding members.
What is NATO’s Article 4?
Article 4 can be triggered when one or more Nato members deem the “territorial integrity, political independence or security” of any of the member states to be threatened. The North Atlantic Council meets regularly to discuss all items on its agenda, from military capability development to operations.
What was formed in April 1949 and what was its purpose?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), military alliance established by the North Atlantic Treaty (also called the Washington Treaty) of April 4, 1949, which sought to create a counterweight to Soviet armies stationed in central and eastern Europe after World War II.
Who wrote NATO treaty?
According to Achilles, another important author of the treaty was John D. Hickerson: More than any human being Jack was responsible for the nature, content, and form of the Treaty…It was a one-man Hickerson treaty.
Has NATO Article 4 been invoked?
It has been invoked only once in NATO history: by the United States after the September 11 attacks in 2001. The invocation was confirmed on 4 October 2001, when NATO determined that the attacks were indeed eligible under the terms of the North Atlantic Treaty.
What is an Article 4 in the military?
Under Article 4, any member state can convene a meeting of NATO members to “consult” when it feels its independence or security are threatened. In practice, it has rarely been used and sends a strong political symbol to the greater world that NATO is concerned about a particular situation.
Who initiated NATO?
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and several Western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet Union. NATO was the first peacetime military alliance the United States entered into outside of the Western Hemisphere.