Which Link 11 waveform is available to all Link 11 capable platforms?
Two waveforms can now be used for Link 11 operations; Conventional Link Eleven Waveform (CLEW) and Single Tone Link Eleven Waveform (SLEW).
What is the difference between Link 16 and Link 22?
Link 16 was intended to replace or augment many existing TDLs as the joint standard for data link information exchange, but its use is limited by the cost of implementation and support. Link 22 is the newest NATO standard for tactical information exchange between military units.
Who uses Link 11?
TADIL-A/Link 11 is a secure half-duplex tactical data link used by NATO to exchange digital data. It was originally developed by a joint committee including members from the Canadian Navy, US Navy and Royal Navy to pass accurate targeting information between ships.
Is Link 16 a waveform?
Link-16 supports voice, free text, and variable format messages. It is a complex waveform that deploys TDMA (time division multiple access), CDMA, and FDMA (frequency division multiple access) schemes.
What are the frequency ranges associated with NATO link 22?
Link 22 can be employed in the HF range (2-30MHz) and the UHF range (225-400MHz). UHF is intended for line-of-sight (LOS) communications, HF for links up to 1,000nm (1,852km). Fixed-frequency modes as well as EPM (ECCM) modes are defined for both HF and UHF.
Who uses link22?
Link 22 is a secure digital radio link in the HF and UHF bands, primarily used by military forces as a tactical data link.
What is Link 16 used for?
Link 16 is a standardized communications system used by U.S., NATO, and Coalition forces for transmitting and exchanging real time tactical data using links between allied military network participants, also known as TADIL J.
How does Link 22 work?
Link 22 is a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) secure radio system that provides beyond line-of-sight (BLOS) communications. It interconnects air, surface, subsurface, and ground-based tactical data systems, and it is used for the exchange of tactical data among the military units of the participating nations.
How many hops per time slot occur during a Sadl transmission?
EPLRS/SADL Operating Characteristics Each time slot is 1.953125 milliseconds long with 512 time slots per second.