What is Galeazzi fracture?
The Galeazzi fracture is a fracture of the middle to distal one-third of the radius associated with dislocation or subluxation of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). Advances in radiography and fracture research have helped define, classify, and guide operative management.
What causes a Galeazzi fracture?
Blunt trauma is what typically causes a Galeazzi fracture. Whether you’re in a car crash or experience a fall, if you stretch out your arm for protection just before impact, you increase the risk of fracturing a bone in your arm or wrist. You also risk dislocation of the ulna at the DRUJ.
How is a Galeazzi fracture treated?
How are they treated? Most Galeazzi fractures will require surgery, except possibly in a child. Surgery requires an open reduction. In this procedure, the bones are put back into place and a plate and screws are used to keep the fractured bones together.
How is Galeazzi fracture diagnosed?
The diagnosis of a Galeazzi fracture is confirmed on radiographic examination. Standard anteroposterior (AP) and true lateral forearm views are obtained, which must include an AP or a posteroanterior (PA) view, as well as a lateral view, of the wrist, along with AP and lateral views of the elbow.
How many types of Galeazzi fractures are there?
also classified Galeazzi fractures into three types based on the location of the distal radius fracture; type I was 0-10 cm from the tip of radial styloid, type II was 10-15 cm, and type III was >15 cm away from the radial styloid . The worse results were noted in patients with type I fractures.
What nerve is damaged in Galeazzi fracture?
Galeazzi fractures are sometimes associated with wrist drop due to injury to radial nerve, extensor tendons or muscles.
Which nerve is affected in Galeazzi fracture?
Which nerve is damaged in Galeazzi fracture?
Who is Galeazzi?
Galeazzi was one of Italy’s pioneering orthopedic surgeons, with an extensive bibliography that included nearly 150 publications. This article examines the evolution of management of the Galeazzi fracture and sheds light on this notable physician’s life.
What is Madelung’s deformity?
Madelung’s deformity is a rare arm condition that affects the growth plate of the radius, a bone in the forearm. As a child grows, this abnormal growth results in a misalignment where the two long bones of the forearm (the radius and ulna) meet the bones of the wrist.
What is dinner fork deformity?
A dinner fork deformity, also known as a bayonet deformity, occurs as the result of a malunited distal radial fracture, usually a Colles fracture. The distal fragment is dorsally angulated, displaced and often also impacted.